@ChevyRay I think you're really dang good at it to achieve that pace. It takes me like forever and a million years for editor features ;_; (Today)

@infinite_ammo cancel all my meetings that i didn't have. looks like i have other plans for today. (Today)

@infinite_ammo hahahh fuck I dont remember that and I should be all caught up. I must have missed that... (Today)

RT @Draknek: The Stugan deadline is coming up soon and @bnhw and I want to work on a new project there, looking for a 3D artist: t.… (Today)

@infinite_ammo oh god he's slamming the baby in the toilet. it's only a matter of time before he turns his toilet seat into a subwoofer too. (Today)

@infinite_ammo my fav is my upstairs neighbor who slams his toilet seat down also now apparently has a screaming baby in his apartment?? (Today)

@ChevyRay ugggghhhhh I LOVE MAP VIEWS OF THINGS AHHH (Today)

@jwaaaap I don't think you need to be SUPER HARDCORE but you def need platforming skills and the map system can seem kinda brutal at first (Yesterday)

@ChevyRay hi here is my tutorial on regular expressions this is how to verify an email address s/g+.a-Z0-9[]{/gi-?@/f-[a-Z]0-9??/gmail.com (3 days ago)

@TommyRefenes the lengths you'll go to become a metal gear solid boss amaze me (3 days ago)

@shaneneville t.co/9H8F5KlgFA (4 days ago)

@shaneneville well that sounds rad as fuck jfc (4 days ago)

@shaneneville tell me more (tabletop / pen and paper rpg systems are super duper fascinating to me) (4 days ago)

@Fruckert depends on my pace. if I'm working super fast I'll just have a text file in my csproj folder. if I'm slower I'll use trello. (4 days ago)

@ADAMATOMIC I'm not far into this talk yet but do they discuss how most of the costumes make characters look entirely different and incompre (4 days ago)

I'm excited to make games today! *checks task list* Oh right I'm stuck on like 50 bugs I don't know how to solve. (4 days ago)

@ADAMATOMIC just now realizing that I need a giant motivational poster of nasir over my desk at all times (5 days ago)

@obskyr YEAH I was bummed that the Hollow Knight soundtrack turned a bunch of the loops into short songs or arrangements :I (5 days ago)

I humbly request for video game soundtracks to feature more than one loop on the tracks that normally loop in the game~ (ESPECIALLY BOSS TRA (5 days ago)

RT @bitmOO: Hi, I make playful art! :) If you like my work please consider supporting me: 🐮 t.co/dFSRVxbXzf ☕️ t.co/F2hPwao… (5 days ago)

posts tagged with: starforger

2014 - 11 - 2 / 4:22 pm / general

Index Palette Shader

Index Palette Shader

A few months ago I made and released a game jam game that featured a cool shader based off of Dan Fessler's HD Index Painting tutorial. The idea is to take a normal image and render it with an extremely limited palette. Essentially it's like a game boy shader, and with the help of a dither map texture it actually creates the illusion that there are more colors than there actually are.


The game jam version of the shader was rather clunky, and required the game to manually render a dither texture over the entire screen. Yesterday I spent some time figuring out how to apply the dither directly in the shader itself to make it more general purposed. Here's the entire shader:

#version 130
uniform sampler2D texture; // The main input texture (the screen.)
uniform sampler2D palette; // The palette texture.
uniform float shift; // The shift amount on the palette texture.
uniform float offset; // The offset for the random noise generation.
uniform float screenScale; // The current scale of the screen. (1x, 2x, etc)
uniform vec2 screenSize; // The size of the core game screen (320 x 240)
uniform float noiseAlpha; // The amount of alpha the noise should have.

// A weird way to generate a random number with a vec2 seed.
float rand(vec2 co){
return fract(sin(dot(co.xy ,vec2(12.9898,78.233))) * 43758.5453);

void main() {
// The size of the game window.
vec2 screenSizeScaled = screenScale * screenSize;
// The pixel coordinate being operated on.
vec2 pixpos = gl_TexCoord[0].xy;

// Get dither pixel
vec2 overlayCoord = floor(gl_FragCoord.xy / screenScale);
// Get 1 or 0 based on the pixel location.
float overlayPixelColor = mod(overlayCoord.x + overlayCoord.y, 2);
// Dither is black and white every other pixel.
vec4 overlayPixel = vec4(overlayPixelColor, overlayPixelColor, overlayPixelColor, 1);

// Scale the frag position to match the screen scale
vec2 scaledpos = floor(pixpos * screenSizeScaled);
// Adjust the position based on the scale of the screen.
scaledpos -= mod(scaledpos, screenScale);
// Convert back to 0 - 1 coordinate space.
scaledpos /= screenSizeScaled;

// Get base color.
vec4 pixcol = texture2D(texture, pixpos);

// Mix dither texture.
pixcol = mix(pixcol, overlayPixel, 0.1);

// Determine the brightness of the pixel in a dumb way.
float gray = (pixcol.r + pixcol.g + pixcol.b) / 3;

// Round it to the nearest 0.25.
gray = round(gray / 0.25) * 0.25;

// Add some noise.
gray += (rand(scaledpos + offset) * 2 - 1) * noiseAlpha;

// Map the palette to the pixel based on the brightness and shift.
pixcol = texture2D(palette, vec2(gray, shift));

// Multiply through the gl_Color for final output.
gl_FragColor = pixcol * gl_Color;

The shader does require a 2d texture for the palette itself. For this game the palette I used was this:


The "shift" uniform in the shader determines the Y coordinate to sample the palette on. A shift of 0 will sample the top most Y, and a shift of 1 will sample the bottom most. You can use this to dynamically change the palette during the game.

The shader needs to have the "screenScale" uniform set to the current scale of the screen. This will make sure that the pixel size is corrected for the dither and the noise. The shader also needs to know the "screenSize" in order for the noise pixels to be the correct size. You can also just set the "noiseAlpha" to 0 if you don't want any of that stuff to show up.

To make the noise change every update the "offset" value should be set to a random float 0 - 1 every update.

Here's what the game looks like without the shader:


And turning on the shader:



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2014 - 9 - 18 / 4:08 pm / general

Game Jam Procedural Generation Part IV

Game Jam Procedural Generation Part IV

The final part of this series about procedural generation for Starforger II will conclude with the last of the level generation code. In the last episode I talked about some of the details in generating rooms, tunnels, and other details in the level. In this final part I'll wrap it up by talking about how I place enemies, breakable blocks, and some final touches on the treasure room.


The next thing in the generation of the level is the breakable blocks. These are blocks that the player can blow up using their bombs. I added these sort of at the last minute of the jam just to give some more interaction with the world, and it felt kinda fun to forge your own path through a big section of breakable blocks.

// put breakable blocks in random places I dunno
for (var yy = 10; yy < grid.TileRows; yy++) {
for (var xx = 0; xx < grid.TileColumns; xx++) {
if (CheckRect(xx, yy, 2, 2)) {
if (Rand.Chance(config.BreakableChance)) {
if (breakables < breakablesMax) {
Scene.Add(new BreakableBlock(xx * 16, yy * 16));
gridBreakable.SetRect(xx, yy, 2, 2);
if (config.Width > 1500) {
if (config.Width > 1000) {

I actually use a separate grid "gridBreakable" to keep track of where I've already placed blocks. This is less expensive in Otter. The alternative would be to do a collision check against all other breakable blocks which would take longer and longer if there are more breakable blocks being added. Whenever a block is added I add a 2 x 2 rectangle to the gridBreakable grid, and the function CheckRect() will check against the breakable grid and the ground grid, so I can't accidentally place a breakable block in the ground, or overlapping another breakable block. read more

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2014 - 9 - 12 / 12:49 pm / general

Game Jam Procedural Generation Part III

Game Jam Procedural Generation Part III

In the last episode of Game Jam Procedural Generation I talked a lot about generating the base of the platforming level in Starforger II, and carving out rooms into the ground of the level.


So now we have a basic level that with a bunch of empty rooms below the ground. The next step is going to be connecting those rooms together. To do this I built a quick class called a TunnelSnake (tunnel snakes rule) to dig tunnels from any point on the map to any other point. Here's the full source of that class:

class TunnelSnake {
public int X;
public int Y;
public int Width = 1;
public int Height = 2;

public int EndX;
public int EndY;

int verticalSteps;
int verticalStepMax = 4;
int forceHorizontal = 0;
int forceHDirection = 1;

public TunnelSnake(int x, int y, int endX, int endY) {
X = x;
Y = y;
EndX = endX;
EndY = endY;

public void Dig(GridCollider grid) {
while (X != EndX || Y != EndY) {
grid.SetRect(X, Y, Width, Height, false);

if (Rand.Chance(50) || forceHorizontal > 0) {

if (forceHorizontal > 0) {
X += forceHDirection;
Height = 2;
X = (int)Util.Clamp(X, 2, grid.TileColumns - 2);
else {
X += Math.Sign(EndX - X);

if (forceHorizontal == 0) {
verticalSteps = 0;
else {

Y += Math.Sign(EndY - Y);

if (verticalSteps == verticalStepMax) {
forceHorizontal = Rand.Int(3, 15);
forceHDirection = Rand.Sign;

if (Rand.Chance(50)) {
if (Rand.Chance(50)) {
Width += Rand.Sign;
Width = (int)Util.Clamp(Width, 1, 5);
if (Rand.Chance(50)) {
Height += Rand.Sign;
Height = (int)Util.Clamp(Height, 2, 6);

read more

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2014 - 9 - 9 / 12:45 am / games

Starforger II

Starforger II

A few weeks ago I went to a local game jam in Phoenix! The them was discovery and I set out to make some kind of space exploration procedural thing. The final result was a game I named Starforger II. There is no Starforger I, but maybe I can make a prequel someday.

Starforger II v1.0 - Windows (92mb)

Whoa what's with the file size? Well this game has a lot of weird sounds in it, and maybe I can figure out how to get them more compressed, but right now they take up a lot of space.

The game uses Enter, X, C, and the arrow keys, or a USB game controller (although the game is designed around the 360 controller, so using one of those would be ideal.)








Hi! My name's Kyle, and I make video games most of the time in Denver, Colorado. Here you will find my thoughts, games, websites, doodles, and other stuff like that. I worked on Snapshot, Offspring Fling, and a whole bunch of other games. I also created and maintain Otter, a 2d game making framework. If you want to get a hold of me use the form on the bottom of the page, leave a comment, or just tweet at me. I try to post three times a week. Thanks for stoppin' by! You're the coolest.

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Do you want to make a Let's Play of one of my games, or a just a video featuring footage of my games? You have my full permission to do so! Even if you are monetizing your videos, you still have my full permission to use any footage from any of my games. Go for it!


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